‘Is there evidence of a causal link between childhood maltreatment and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder? A systematic review of prospective longitudinal studies using the Bradford-Hill criteria’
Open Access paper from JCPP Advances
Studies report an elevated risk of maltreatment in children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and elevated levels of ADHD in people who suffered childhood maltreatment (CM). However, the direction(s) of causality between CM and ADHD remain unclear—does ADHD create a context for CM, does CM cause ADHD, or both?
Authors: Paraskevi Bali, Edmund Sonuga-Barke, Christina Mohr-Jensen, Ditte Demontis, Helen Minnis
First published: 27 May 2023
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