Open Access paper from the JCPP
Background – Genetic and environmental influences on externalizing problems are often studied separately. Here, we extended prior work by investigating the implications of gene–environment interplay in childhood for early adult externalizing behavior. Genetic nurture would be indicated if parents’ genetic predisposition for externalizing behavior operates through the family environment in predicting offspring early adult externalizing behavior. Evocative gene–environment correlation would be indicated if offspring genetic predisposition for externalizing behavior operates through child externalizing behavior in affecting the family environment and later early adult externalizing behavior.
Authors; Tina Kretschmer, Charlotte Vrijen, Ilja Maria Nolte, Jasmin Wertz, Catharina Annette Hartman
First published: 29 June 2022
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