Open Access paper from the JCPP
Background – Theoretical models of the development of childhood externalizing disorders emphasize the role of parents. Empirical studies have not been able to identify specific aspects of parental behaviors explaining a considerable proportion of the observed individual differences in externalizing problems. The problem is complicated by the contribution of genetic factors to externalizing problems, as parents provide both genes and environments to their children. We studied the joint contributions of direct genetic effects of children and the indirect genetic effects of parents through the environment on externalizing problems.
Authors; Espen M. Eilertsen, Rosa Cheesman, Ziada Ayorech, Espen Røysamb, Jean-Baptiste Pingault, Pål R. Njølstad, Ole A. Andreassen, Alexandra Havdahl, Tom A. McAdams, Fartein A. Torvik, Eivind Ystrøm
First published: 02 July 2022